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How to setup an auth.json file for Composer?

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Composer uses an auth.json file to authenticate with private package repositories. The file is usually located in your home directory and is named “.composer/auth.json”.

Here’s an example of what the contents of an auth.json file might look like:

{
    "http-basic": {
        "your-private-repository.com": {
            "username": "your-username",
            "password": "your-password"
        }
    }
}

The http-basic key is used to authenticate with repositories that use basic authentication. The value is an object that contains the URLs of the private repositories as keys, and the values are objects that contain the username and password for each repository.

It’s also possible to include token based authentication in the file, and the contents will look something like this:

{
    "http-basic": {
        "your-private-repository.com": {
            "username": "your-username",
            "password": "your-password"
        }
    },
    "github-oauth": {
        "github.com": "your-token"
    }
}

In the above example, it’s a token-based authentication, used to authenticate with the github package registry, the “github-oauth” key is used to indicate the token based authentication, where you put the token as the value

Once you’ve created the auth.json file, you can use Composer to install packages from private repositories by including the repository’s URL in your project’s composer.json file.

It’s important to note that the auth.json file should be kept private, as it contains sensitive information like your username and password.

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